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Fertility, poverty, and violence: an analysis in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Cláudio S. Dias Júnior, Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional (CEDEPLAR)
Ana Paula Verona de Andrade, Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional (CEDEPLAR)
Bráulio F. da Silva, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

The fertility has changed rapidly during the last decades in Brazil. Since 1970 the total fertility has dropped from 6,00 children per woman to 2,34 in 2000. In the Brazilian big cities, this decline was larger than in small towns and the total fertility rates have already reached the below replacement. During this period there was a strong migration movement from rural cities to Brazilian big cities. In the same time, it was observed a significant increased in the urban violence, which is gathered together mainly in poorest agglomerations. Some questions can be done: What are the poorest and violence influences in the standard and in the level of woman fertility? The goal of this work is to compare the fertility behaviors in Belo Horizonte. It will be considered the local of residence (shanty town or not) and their features related to violence. It will be measured by total of murders per 100.000 habitants. In this work the data from Brazilian 2000 Census (IBGE) and murder statistics from Polícia Militar de Minas Gerais will be used.

Presented in Poster Session 2: Poster Session 2