Childbearing and well-being: a comparative analysis of the European Community
Arnstein Aassve, University of Essex
Stefano Mazzuco, Università di Padova
Using a sample of women drawn from the ECHP Survey, we make a comparison of the impact of childbearing on wellbeing using a welfare regime classification. Since poverty status is a poor proxy for wellbeing, we derive several measures - deprivation indices - avoiding the poor/non-poor dichotomy. We provide descriptive statistics of poverty status and deprivations indices, as well as an analysis of a more causal nature (a Difference-in-Differences estimator combined with Propensity Score Matching techniques - DD-PSM). In all welfare regimes, independent of how wellbeing is defined, childbearing events never have a positive impact on individuals’ wellbeing. But our estimates are largely consistent with welfare regime theory: women in the Social Democratic welfare states suffer the least as a result of childbearing, where as women in Conservative and Mediterranean states suffer significantly more. For the Liberal one the results are more mixed, and depends on the definition of wellbeing.
Presented in Session 157: Consequences of family policies