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The association between migration and mortality among 15 to 49 year-olds in the rural Umkanyakude district of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

Mitzy Gafos, Africa Center for Health and Population Studies
Caterina Hill, Africa Center for Health and Population Studies

This paper describes the relationship between migration and mortality, and migration and AIDS mortality in an adult sub-sample of members registered in the Africa Centre Demographic Surveillance Survey between 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2001 (n=48,633). Based on episodes of residency, members were categorised as migrant (41%), never resident (32%), or always resident (27%). The overall mortality rate was 30 per 1000 members. 68% of all adult deaths were due to AIDS. The mortality rates for migrants, members never resident, and members always resident, were 21, 33, and 42 per 1000 respectively. Migrants had a lower risk of mortality than members who were never resident (OR:0.72; P=0.00), and members who were always resident (OR:0.39; P=0.00). Migrants had a higher risk of AIDS mortality than members who were always resident (OR:1.45; P=0.04), and members who were never resident had a higher risk than members who were always resident (OR:1.54; P=0.01).

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Presented in Session 61: Migration and health (2)