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Internal female labour migration, agricultural productions and potential of environmental degradation in a densely populated rural region (Western high lands of Cameroon)

Samuel Kelodjoue, University of Dschang

The actual state of agrarian system in the west high lands region of Cameroon and the social relations which hold them are the results of a long historical processes. Agriculture is the mainstay of this region. It provides food, employment and monetary resources to its population. But this area is also lack of suitable lands comparing to its rapid population growth. This study is an explanatory analysis of evaluation of socio-economic context of agricultural production as to put in evidence the role of rural female labours migrations. This research identifies the relations existing between, demographic growth, labour rural female migrations, agricultural production and the degradation of the vegetal cover and the soils in a densely populated rural areas. This case study on the problem, in a region and a society well circumscribed shows that demographic growth which patterns are rural migrations and food productions is directly responsible for the infertility of soils, and environmental degradation .The actual state of agrarian system in the west high lands region of Cameroon and the social relations which hold them are the results of a long historical processes. Agriculture is the mainstay of this region. It provides food, employment and monetary resources to its population. But this area is also lack of suitable lands comparing to its rapid population growth. This study is an explanatory analysis of evaluation of socio-economic context of agricultural production as to put in evidence the role of rural female labours migrations. This research identifies the relations existing between, demographic growth, labour rural female migrations, agricultural production and the degradation of the vegetal cover and the soils in a densely populated rural areas. This case study on the problem, in a region and a society well circumscribed shows that demographic growth which patterns are rural migrations and food productions is directly responsible for the infertility of soils, and environmental degradation .The actual state of agrarian system in the west high lands region of Cameroon and the social relations which hold them are the results of a long historical processes.

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Presented in Session 72: Population and environment linkages in developing countries