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Feminisation of Nepali migration to India

Pranati Datta, Indian Statistical Institute

Globalisation, feminisation, trafficking and migration either documented or undocumented evolved as intertwined issues. The main objective of this study is to discuss feminisation, trafficking and illegal female Nepali migration to India in general and West Bengal, a State of India, in particular. Census records show that absolute volume of documented female Nepali migrants is increasing for India and declining for West Bengal, and proportion of female to male is increasing on the whole. Recent literature highlights increasing illegal female migration along the path of open border and trafficking. The contributing factors to trafficking involve deep rooted process of gender discrimination, lack of female education, ignorance of rural folk, poverty, unemployment, lack of economic opportunities, globalisation of the economy, feminisation of poverty and migration, woman’s lack of empowerment. A strong social movement, public awareness, a fight against exploitation, injustice and drive against misuse of Indo-Nepal open border may be the solution .

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Presented in Poster Session 5: Poster Session 5