Who volunteers to be tested for HIV in Tanzania?
Peter Kintu, Axios International
Marie-Laure Kürzinger, Espace Santé et Territoire
Marc Pechevis, Axios International
Timothy Wakabi, Axios Foundation
Grace Mbekem, Axios Foundation
Since 2002, integrated VCT services were gradually introduced into 63 primary health facilities in Tanzania, as an entry point to care of HIV infected individuals.
Needs assessments, training of staff and a standardised reporting system were established.
Between July 2002 and December 2004, 31,196 clients (41% males, 59% females) volunteered to be tested (χ2 for trend=19.0, p<0.001). 77% were 18 to 34 years and 54% were married. Married clients dropped from 66% to 53% (χ2 for trend=8.4, p=0.004) while singles rose from 29% to 40% (χ2 for trend=6.4, p=0.012). Clients who had a prior HIV test rose from 9% to 20% (mean = 15%, χ2 for trend=7.4, p=0.007). HIV prevalence was 18.4% (95% CI 17.9 – 18.8) compared to the official prevalence rate from antenatal surveillance (14%).
The rapid uptake of services reflects high demand for VCT and the critical need for care of positive clients.
Poster Session 1: Poster Session 1